Fullerenes are one of the famous allotropic forms of carbon material after diamond and graphite. It was discovered in the year 1985 by the scientists named Harold. W. Kroto, Robert F. Curl and Richard E. Smalley. It consists of 20 hexagonal and 12 pentagonal rings as the basis of an icosohedral symmetry closed cage structure. When the fullerenes were first discovered, there was a lot of excitement about practical applications. During, discovery, It was conjectured that C60 Fullerenes would make great lubricants, rolling like little ball bearings between other molecules. Or perhaps drugs could be trapped inside the fullerenes cages and then released slowly by a triggering mechanism that could break open the cages inside the body. High doses of C60 Fullerenes can be very toxic. There are rumors going around about C60 and C70 Fullerenes that it causes DNA damage, but a scientific study stated that Fullerenes only changed the DNA expression of the liver and lungs.
The main important and striking property of the C60 molecule is its high symmetry. It consists of nearly 20 symmetry operations such as reflections in a plane or rotations around an axis, which map the molecule onto itself. All these things make C60, the molecule with the largest number of symmetry operations, the most symmetric molecule. Get more information at the site for more facts.
Most of this C60 and C70 fullerenes derivatives that are generated in the body are apparently non-toxic with low concentrations that is less than even 1 mg per mL. These are also water soluble. The C60 Fullerenes can be used as OPV (organic photovoltaics ), that is very strong antioxidants, reacting quickly and that too at a high rate with free radicals which are often the cause of cell break or damage. Fullerenes are basically the class of closed-cage carbon molecule, Cn, that characteristically contain 12 pentagons and a variable number of hexagons. Depending on this number of hexagons, the molecules of different sizes are obtained which are called fullerenes. It is always best to buy C60 at http://mstnano.com/products/fullerenes as it provides high-quality products for an affordable cost.
It can be said that C60 is just a small molecule that possesses 60 carbon atoms as indicated in its name and is arranged as 12 pentagons and 20 hexagons as mentioned above. The shape of the fullerenes is the same as that of a soccer ball: that is the hexagons are white and black pieces of leather are the pentagons. There are nearly 60 different points where 3 of this leather patches join together. Each carbon atom sits at each of these points. All these settings give rise to the model of the C60 molecule. However, this model is largely out of scale and if the C60 molecules were the size of a soccer ball, then the soccer ball, in turn, would be roughly the size of the earth.